How to choose the right tires for your car or two-wheeler: Quick guide

Choosing the right tires can increase a vehicle’s overall performance, improve fuel efficiency and safety.

By : HT automatic office
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Updated:
March 29, 2022, 7:06 PM

Choosing the right tire with the right size, the right tread and a high quality rubber component is crucial to overall vehicle performance and occupant safety.

While tires are one of the most important parts of a vehicle, we often overlook them. But, we must remember that the tires are the only link between the vehicle and the road surface. In addition, they support the entire weight of a vehicle. Choosing and using the right set of tires can increase a vehicle’s overall performance, including improving fuel efficiency and active safety. Therefore, it is very important to regularly check the tire and replace it whenever necessary. Also, choosing the right tire is very important.

(Also read: AMT or CVT: which automatic transmission technology is better?)

Here are some simple tips for choosing the right set of tires for your vehicle.

Choose the right size

When buying new tyres, special attention should always be paid to the size. The dimension of a tire is generally mentioned on the sidewall of the tire in a standardized manner. For example, if a tire is printed with 195/55 R 16 80V.

195 represents the tread width of the tire, while 55 is the percentage of the tread width that contributes to the sidewall height. R refers to the radial construction of the tire. 16 refers to the wheel diameter. 80 refers to the load capacity index of the tire. V refers to the speed rating of the tire.

Tire size is generally defined by three factors: rim size, tire tread width, and sidewall height. Rim size is important because choosing a tire that is shorter than the rim decreases sidewall height, which affects the ride and ride quality of the vehicle.

The tread is equally important as it has an impact on ride comfort and vehicle performance. A wider tread means a vehicle will have more stability during high-speed runs and cornering. Regular tread size will help improve mileage and steering control. It’s always best to choose the tire as the manufacturer suggests in the vehicle manual, as every vehicle is tuned to perform best when a certain tire is fitted to it.

Choosing the Right Tread Pattern

A tire’s tread plays a crucial role in the overall driving experience of a vehicle. Tread patterns can define how a vehicle performs in different weather conditions. The tread patterns shed water as a vehicle passes through a waterlogged area. Generally, there are three types of tread patterns: conventional, unidirectional and asymmetrical.

Conventional tread is the most commonly used tread pattern. It can work in both directions and is very useful for draining water when driving through waterlogged areas. They also limit tire noise.

Unidirectional tread patterns work best when turned in one direction. The sidewalls of these tires have an arrow indicating which direction the tire should face.

Asymmetric tread patterns also have an outer sidewall and an inner sidewall. The one on the outside faces the road and the one on the inside faces the car. They come with markings on the sidewalls indicating which side is supposed to be facing the road and which is facing the car. The asymmetrical tread helps in high-speed cornering.

Tube-type or tubeless

Tubeless tires are much more advanced and safer than tube tires. There is a misconception that tubeless tires only work with alloy rims. But the steel wheels also work well with tubeless tires, given that they don’t rust and have a rust-proof coating on the inside.

Type of rubber used in a tire

The rubber component used in the manufacture of the tire is a very important factor to check when buying a tire. The rubber component is responsible for the traction and treadwear characteristics of a tire. If a tire is constructed with high quality rubber components, the tire’s traction and speed rating will be high. This not only helps the vehicle get a good grip to ensure safety, but also improves the overall performance.

Date of first publication: March 29, 2022, 7:06 PM IST

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